Salal facts and health benefits

Salal facts and health benefits
Brief information on salad
Name: Salal
A scientific name: Galteria Ilon
Origin Western North America
Colours Green, when the young become reddish, purple or blue-black as they get older.
Forms The outer capsule is round, with a rough, pseudo-berry or fleshy cup-like surface, is covered with small hairs and has an average diameter of 6 to 10 mm (0.24 to 0.4 inches).
Taste Taste of candied blueberries crossed with Concord grapes.
Benefits to your health Suppresses appetite, helps digestion, protects against many diseases, reduces inflammation, prevents degeneration, antioxidant properties

The Galterie block is a leather shrub belonging to the heather family (Ericaceae). The plant comes from western North America. They are rich in wildlife in the coastal areas of western North America, but can also be found in Europe. In Great Britain it’s called Salal, shallon and Shallal or just gaultheria. The plants are especially popular in the flower industry, where the leaves of this plant are used in flower arrangements, but they are also known for their berry fruits and health benefits.

The berries were the main source of food for the indigenous people. The North Americans ate fresh or dried lettuce berries and turned them into pies. They also made jams from lettuce berries and preserved them. They also used salad berries as a sweetener. In some cases they used lettuce leaves as dressing for fish soup. These berries have many health benefits, but eating too many young leaves to satisfy your appetite can lead to digestive problems.

Description of the installation

Salal is an evergreen, straight, cloned, perennial or shrub that usually grows to a height of 0.2 to 5 m and develops strongly from rhizomes.  This free-branching shrub often forms dense, almost impenetrable thickets. The plant grows on sunny edges, in the shade of apple trees, on shady edges, in marginal moorland forests, in marshes, in heathland, in shells, in damp scrub, in coniferous forests, in mountainous areas close to the coast, in forests and transition areas, on rocky or sandy cliffs, in coastal cliffs. The plant is found in soils derived from various source rocks, including diorite, breccia and basalt, serpentine, granite, and metamorphic rocks. New branches are green to red and covered with short hairs, old branches are grey-brown and smooth. The branches change the angles between the different nodes, creating a characteristic zigzag look. The sticks are reddish-brown to grey-brown in color and are scaled lengthwise.

Plugs

The leaves are evergreen, alternate, round to ovoid, pointed, glossy green, with a leathery texture. Each leaf has a round or heart-shaped base, the edges are finely serrated or engraved, the surfaces are bare and reach a length of 5 to 10 cm (2.0 to 3.9 inches). Leaves shiny and dark green at the top, rough and light green at the bottom, with a pronounced middle rib. Leaves alternate and zigzag red calcareous and thorny stems (although older plants tend to stretch and lose their zigzag shape).

Flower

The inflorescence consists of a one-sided, crossed bunch with 5-15 flowers at the ends of the branches. The flowers are hermaphroditic (they have male and female organs) and are pollinated by insects. White to light pink, urn-shaped flowers appear in late spring and early summer. Each flower consists of a deep, five-part calyx and an urn-shaped gland, 7 to 10 mm long, pinkish-white, hairy, five-fold. Flowering usually takes place between May and June.

Fruit

A fertile flower is followed by a pseudo flower that is round, reddish, violet or blue-black, rough on the surface, or a capsule consisting of a fleshy outer skin.  Fruits are covered with small hairs and have an average diameter of 6 to 10 mm (0.24 to 0.4 inches).  Each fruit contains an average of 126 brown, gauze-like seeds about 1 mm long. The fruits are edible and ripen between September and October. The berries taste a bit like cranberries, but are sweeter and have a drier texture.

Reimbursement of medical expenses

The bays of Galteria Ivanon were the main source of food for the indigenous people. North America ate them fresh and dried them in pies. They were also used as sweeteners. The leaves of this plant were sometimes used to season fish soup. Here are some lettuce berries that are healthy for your body.

1. Appetite suppressants

Several researchers have discovered that people who chewed the leaves of these berries noticed that their appetite was inhibited. The young leaves of these berries can be used as an appetite suppressant. You can also eat these leaves if you want to lose weight. You have to stop eating cake and start eating healthy food. Salad berries are one of the best options for you. Salad berries are also known to help relieve heartburn or colic.

2. Helping with digestion

Berries contain fibres that can prevent constipation and help normalize intestinal health. It can also help lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and certain types of cancer. Many adults eat only half the amount of fibre recommended by their doctor, so they need to get the right amount to maintain their health.

3. Protecting against many diseases

These berries are known for their protection against many different diseases such as retinopathy, diabetes, kidney failure, cataracts, glaucoma, Alzheimer’s disease, varicose veins and cardiovascular diseases. These berries contain flavonoids that can help your body stay away from these diseases.

4. Reduce ignition

According to the Native Americans of Puget Sound, herbalists recommend the use of lettuce leaves in drinks and tea because of their astringent properties. They are still increasingly used to reduce cystitis, to combat diseases such as heartburn and to reduce inflammation of the sinuses.

Salal can stimulate the immune function of the human body, refusing to participate in cooperation channels for dredging. A universal advantage for the public is that salale leaves can be turned into a paste to eliminate insect bites and stings.

5. Prevention of degradation

Salad berries are rich in vitamins and antioxidants that can help block degeneration. They can also help us to live a long and sustainable life. Salad berries are among the best fruits that can help overcome the risk of chronic diseases. Salad berries are not as tasty as other thimbles such as cranberries, but they taste good and are easy to find. You should remove all the pink stems from the berries and treat them all at once, as this is the easiest way to grow them.

6. Antioxidant properties

These berries are known to be rich in vitamin C. This fruit acts as an antioxidant that can help protect you from the harmful effects of free radicals. If you want healthy teeth, skin and hair, you should start using these berries in your diet.

Traditional uses and benefits of Salal

  • The crushed, baked leaves were rolled up on the pieces.
  • For burns and ulcers, a pack of chewy bone plates was applied.
  • The leaves were chewed to dry the mouth.
  • Leaf tincture is used as a stomach tonic and for the treatment of diarrhea, coughs, tuberculosis, etc.
  • In traditional medicine it was used as an astringent, poultice and stomach tonic.
  • Gypsum can be applied to cuts and insect bites, and leaves can be chewed and applied to burns and ulcers.
  • Gastric tonic is made from an infusion of leaves and helps reduce internal inflammations such as ulcers, heartburn, diarrhea, menstrual pain, cough and tuberculosis.
  • Because of its healing properties, Galteria Walon has been used by its inhabitants for generations.
  • The leaves have an astringent effect, making them anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic.
  • The leaves cooked in the tea or infusion would relieve internal inflammations such as cystitis, ulcers, heartburn, indigestion, sinusitis, diarrhoea, moderate fever, sore throats and menstrual cramps.
  • Tea made from the leaves was used to treat cough, tuberculosis and diarrhea.
  • Berries are rich in vitamins and flavonoids, which prevent aging and skin degeneration.
  • The leaves were used to suppress appetite.
  • Tea prepared by boiling the leaves in water is believed to have a positive effect on the reduction and treatment of cystitis, ulcers, heartburn, indigestion, sinusitis, diarrhea, fever, sore throats and menstrual cramps.
  • The leaves are also used in the manufacture of envelopes to relieve the pain and discomfort of insect bites and stings.
  • The Clallams, Bella Kula and Quilutes chewed on lettuce leaves and spit on burns and ulcers.
  • Samishi and Svinomishi used leaves for cough and tuberculosis.
  • The residents of Quinault used them for the treatment of diarrhoea and flu.

Culinary uses

  • The fruits can be eaten raw, cooked or dried for later use.
  • The fruit can also be processed into preserves, cakes, drinks, etc. or dried and used as raisins.
  • The pleasant tea is made from leaves.
  • The Indians ate fresh and dried berries and used them to make cakes.
  • They were also used as sweeteners and Hyde used them to thicken salmon roe.
  • The leaves of the plant were also sometimes used to season fish soup.
  • The berries are used locally in jams, preserves and pies.
  • Nowadays people eat them raw or use them to make jams, jellies, cakes or as dried fruit.

Other facts

  • The purple dye is obtained from fruit.
  • The cast leaves have a green-yellow colour.
  • It is a plant that is used to shade the soil under the trees and is slowly dispersed using suction cups.
  • They should be at a distance of about 90 cm from each other.
  • Salad berries are eaten by squirrels, squirrels and bears, while leaves and bushes are eaten by deer and mules.

Prevention and control

In view of changing regulations on the (de-)registration of pesticides, when considering the use of chemical pesticides, you should consult your national list of registered pesticides or the competent authority to determine which products are legally permitted in your country. Pesticides must always be used legally and in accordance with product labelling.

Contraception

Public awareness

It is important that foresters, ranchers, managers of protected areas and the general public are informed about the existence of this shrub in the areas where they work, so that they can try to prevent its spread.

Control

Physical/mechanical control

Mechanical control is often ineffective in G. willon because of its ability to germinate from rhizomes. If used carelessly, it can indeed be an effective deterrent and increase proliferation.

Read Also:How To Cut, Dry, & Store Rosemary

Fire is not recommended as a disposal measure, because the above-ground area can be absorbed, but shrubs can survive by regeneration of underground structures.

Biological control

The control of this species by means of biological pest control is currently being studied. Potential biological pesticides include a number of fungal pathogens that have been identified as natural enemies of G. willon.

In the United Kingdom, a livestock farm can be used to destroy solid scrub and reduce G. shallon to a simple component of heather vegetation.

Chemical control

Fertilizing mixed forests with G. shallon provides sufficient nutrients for trees and other hollow vegetation, which reduces the competitive effect of G. shallon. G. shallon is resistant to many herbicides, including 2, 4-D, 2, 4, 5-T, Amithrol, Pikolas and Sylvesx. The nature of the herbicide application, the season and the terrain characteristics all have a major influence on G. Mayonnaise’s response to herbicides. However, herbicides are often impractical or too expensive to be effective because they have to be reused. G. willon is more sensitive to foliar spray when the buds are torn, although many plants recover later from the damage.

References :

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=23658#null

https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomydetail?id=366

https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=Gaultheria+shalon

https://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/24761

https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/GAHSH

http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2818048

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaultheria_shallon

https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=gash

Notes

Remarks

 

About the Author: Prateek

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