|Peyote Summary information|
|A scientific name:||Williamsy Lopochora|
|Origin||Mexico and Southwest Texas|
|Colors||More or less pink when fully grown, they are brown and white.|
|Forms||From the leg to the elongated, fleshy fruit.|
|Benefits to your health||Good for toothache, work, fever, chest pain, skin pain, rheumatism, diabetes, colds, blindness, asthma, muscle pain, anxiety, depression, PTSD, and addiction.|
Peyote, the scientific name for Lophophora williamsii, is a small, thornless cactus belonging to a cactus (cactus family) with psychoactive alkaloids, especially mescaline. Peyot is a Spanish word derived from Nahuatl peyōtl and means rupscocon, from the peyon root – to shine. The plant comes from Mexico and southwest Texas. It is located mainly in the Sierra Madre Occidental, the Chihuahuan desert and the states of Nayarit, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and San Luis Potosí among the bushes. Native Americans have known about the plant’s hallucinogenic properties for thousands of years, and peyote still has a sacred place in these cultures. In fact, more than 40 tribes in North America and Western Canada still use it in sacred religious rites. Popular generic names for this plant include: Divine medicine, devil’s root, divine grass, dry whiskey, cactus pudding, devil’s root, divine cactus, dry whiskey, cactus dumplings, Indian dope, mescal buds, beetroot cactus, peyote, pellot, mescal buds, cactus whiskey, white mule, peyote, cactus pudding and divine cactus.
Peyote is known for its psychoactive properties when ingested and has long been used for ritual and therapeutic purposes by North Americans around the world. Peyote contains mescaline, a hallucinogen. It is clear that Lophophora williamsii is a very versatile treatment for many common diseases, and many Native Americans choose it as we would choose aspirin or Tylenol. However, there are still people who take advantage of them by only using them for entertainment purposes.
The facts about peyote
|Scientific name||Williamsy Lopochora|
|Aboriginal residents||Mexico and southwest Texas. It is located mainly in the Sierra Madre Occidental, the Chihuahuan desert and the states of Nayarit, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and San Luis Potosí among the bushes.|
|Common names||Medicine of God, Devil Root, Divine Herbs, Dry Whisky, Cactus Powder, Devil Root, Divine Cactus, Dry Whisky, Cactus Balls, Indian Drug, Mescal powder, Beet Cactus, Peyote, Pellot, Mescal powder, Whisky powder, White Mule, Peyote, Cactus Powder, Divine Cactus|
|Name in other languages||Africans: Peyotealbanian: Peyote-Amharic: Yoyitai (joይታይ-)Arabic : Albuyut (البيوت), Sabaar Valimz (صبار وليمز)
Armenians : Peyoteeist Azerbaijan: Peyote Basque: Peyote-Bengali: Mēksikō dēsēra ফণীমনস phanimanasā jātīẏa gācha (মেক্সিকোদের ফণীমনসা জাতীয় গাছ)
Bulgarian : Peĭot (peyote)
Burmansky: Kwmhkyaankone (ကွမ်းခြံကုန်း)
Catalan : Chinese peyote: Pn ào tè (皮奥特), Wū yǔ yù (烏羽玉)
Czech : Peyote, Danish peyote: Peyote,
Dutch Elephanthopod cactus: Peyote, English peyote: Peyote, Indian doping, cactus pudding, devil’s root, divine cactus, dry whiskey, dumplings, mescal knot, beetroot cactus, whiskey cactus, white mule, Esperanto
: Peyote Aesthetic: Peyote, Peioote-uimaktus
Filipino: Finnish peyote: Peyote, myrkky cactus, mescaline cactus
french : Peyote, peyoteGalicus: Peyotegic: Peyote: Peyote, peyote: Peyote-Gujarati: Pīyōṭē (પીયોટે)
Hausa : Leyote
in Hebrew: פיוטה
in Hindi: Peyote wichol: Hungarian Hikuri
: Peyote, peyote, mescaline cactus, Icelandic peyote: PeyoteIocano: Indonesian peyote: Irish peyote: Peyote, Péóité
Italian: Peyote, Japanese mescal: Peyōte (ペヨーテ), Ubatama (ウバタマ)
Javanese Peyote canada : Piyōṭ (ಪಿಯೋಟ್)
Kazachs : Peĭot (peyote)
Korean : Pe yote (페 요테)
Kurdish PeyoteLaos : Peyotlatin: Latvian peyote: Singer-Litouws: Peyote, Kvaitulinis pejotlis
Macedonian: Peyote, Malagasy peyote: Peyote Malayan: Peyote malalam: Piyēāṭṭ (പിയോട്ട്)
Malta : Peyote marathi: Mongolian peyote: PeyoteNahuatl: Nepalese peyote: Norwegian peyote: Peyote oxitane: Peïot
Oriya: Pashto peyote: Peyote
in Persian : پیام, پیوت
in Polish : Pejotl, Jazgrza Williamsa
Portuguese: Peyote punjabi: PeyotePushto : پيوټрумынский : Russian peyote: Mescaline (mescaline), Loafor Williams (Loafor Williams), peyote (peyote) Serbian: Peyote (peyote)
Sindhi : پيشو
Sindhala : Slovenian peyote: Peyote, Pejotl
Spanish: Peyote, peyote, Sudanese mescal: SukSwedish: Tagalog peyote: Peyoteeist Tajik: Drink (beverage)
Tamil : PeyoteTarahumara: Hikuri Vaname, Hikuli Vaname
Telugu: Br̥ndagāna (బృందగాన)
Thai Peyote Turkish: Peyoteukrainian: Peĭot (peyote)
ouzbeeks: Vietnamese peyote: Peyote Wales: Peyotezulu: Peyote
|Ground cover habitat||Long-living, slow-growing perennial cactus without perennials.|
|Climate for growth||Mainly in desert bushes, especially thorny bushes on or near limestone hillsides, in mountainous bushes, on rocky slopes, or in dry riverbeds.|
|Floor||Preference for gravel and clay soils on soft slopes.|
|Dimensions of the installation||Can reach a height of 2 to 7 cm (0.79 to 2.76 inches) and a diameter of 4 to 12 cm (1.6 to 4.7 inches).|
|Carrot||Back, usually 8 to 11 cm long.|
|Areola||Round, thornless, flowering only young, with tufts of long, vertical, dull, woolly grey hairs up to 1 cm long.|
|Tribe.||Flat bulb, up to 7.5 cm high and 12.5 cm in diameter.|
|Flowering period||From March to May, and sometimes until September.|
|Flowers||The flowers are pink or white to light yellowish, sometimes reddish. They open during the day, are 1 to 2.4 cm long and reach a diameter of 1 to 2.2 cm.|
|Fruit shape and size||Fruits from club to elongated shape, fleshy fruits are nude and more or less pink. As adults they are brown-white and dry. The fruit itself does not crack and is between 1.5 and 2 cm long.|
|The colour of the fruit||More or less pink when fully grown, they are brown and white.|
|Sperm||Seeds in the shape of a black pear from 1 to 1,5 mm long and 1 mm wide.|
|Distribution||From the seed|
|Used plant components||Buds, the whole plant.|
Description of the installation
Peyote is a slow-growing, long-lived perennial cactus that can grow to a height of 2 to 7 centimeters and a diameter of 4 to 12 cm. The plant grows mainly in desert shrubs, especially thorny shrubs on or near limestone hillsides, in mountain shrubs, on rocky slopes, or in dry river beds. The plant prefers gravel and clay soils on soft slopes. The roots are downy, normally 8 to 11 cm long. The areola forms up to 1 cm long, yellowish or whitish woolly hairs. Often there are significant vertical ribs consisting of low, rounded, or bumpy cones. A bundle of soft, yellowish, or whitish woolly hairs emerges from the bushy islands. No stains.
The crown of the peyote cactus has disk-shaped buds. These peyote buds are made of psychedelic alkaloids, mainly mescaline, which is an alkaloid with hallucinogenic effects on humans. People cut off these pimples from the cactus and dry them off so that they can chew on them or make psychoactive tea from them. You can also smoke peyote by rolling it in tobacco or marijuana leaves.
The stem is smooth green, bluish or dull greyish green, very juicy, spherical, at the tip or slightly flattened to 6 cm high, 12 cm in diameter, with a woolly tip. The underground part of the trunk, which has the same width as the air part, extends a few centimeters below ground level and flows gently (through a fine hypocotyl) into a large taproot, which can extend up to 25 centimeters below ground level.
Simple, bell-shaped, pink or white to slightly yellowish, sometimes reddish flowers up to 2.5 cm long and 2.2 cm in diameter. They arise from a mass of hairs in the umbilical cord in the middle of the crown, each surrounded by a mass of long hairs. Scar flaps 5-7, linear and pink. The flowering period, from March to May and sometimes until September, is open at noon. The flowers have thigmotactic anthers (like Puglia).
The cactus flowers sporadically, followed by edible pink berries. The bat-shaped fruits are elongated, fleshy, nude, and more or less pink. As adults, they are brown-white and dry. The fruit itself does not crack and is between 1.5 and 2 cm long. They contain pear-shaped black seeds 1 to 1.5 mm long and 1 mm wide with a broad, rough basal hilium. Warm, humid conditions are necessary for the germination of the seed.
Cacti consist of several psychoactive alkaloids, mainly mescaline, and up to 50 alkaloids derived from the amino acids tyrosine and phenylalanine. Most alkaloids are b-phenylethylamines, but a small part isoquinoline in structure. Many b-phenylethylamines are physiologically active, but mescaline is mainly responsible for the psychedelic effects. Fresh peyote contains 0.4% mescaline, dried buds 2.74-3.7%.1
PeyoteTraditional uses and benefits
- They use peyote to treat various diseases such as toothache, convulsions, fever, chest pain, skin diseases, rheumatism, diabetes, colds, and blindness.
- Traditionally, peyote has been widely used as an anesthetic in the treatment of diseases such as toothache, asthma, and even colds.
- Tarahumara was often used as chewed (chopped) peyote as an external therapy for wounds, burns, insect and snake bites, and pulsating muscles.
- In some cases, Lophophora willamsii has been recommended by psychiatrists for the treatment of neurasthenia (nerve exhaustion).
- It works well to improve the symptoms of anxiety, headaches, fatigue, and a depressive state of mind associated with this condition.
- In the Amerindian Church, peyote ceremonies are used to treat various psychological, spiritual, and physiological problems.
- It is also known to promote compassion and gratitude and to alleviate mental disorders such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress, and addiction.
- Herbal medicine has also been used to treat a number of diseases, including snake bites, injuries, skin diseases, and pain in general.
- Peyote is also used to treat fever, as a painkiller to relieve rheumatic symptoms, and to treat paralysis.
- This herb is also used externally as a poultice to heal wounds, broken bones, and snake bites.
- This plant is also used to stimulate vomiting.
- The soft tissue of peyote can also be used externally to increase the production of breast milk.
- Peyote has been shown to be excellent for relieving the symptoms of nervousness, fatigue, headaches, and depression associated with neurasthenia.
The popular use of Peyote
It is said that some people use peyote to treat fever, joint pain, paralysis, fractures, injuries, and snake bites. However, for all these health problems, there are much safer natural remedies that can be used for medical purposes. Moreover, there is no reliable scientific research to support these applications.
As mentioned earlier, peyote is still used in the Indian church today. The ritual use of peyote is usually a 24-hour ceremony that takes place in a tepee around a fire and is led by a peyote chief. When peyote is consumed as part of traditional ritual practice, it should enable the user to communicate with God and spirits (including the dead) in contemplation and vision and thus receive spiritual power, guidance, correction, and healing from them.
Besides the mysterious use of peyote, there is also singing, prayer, and contemplation. The songs and chants used in the ceremonies may vary from tribe to tribe.
One of the most common applications of peyote is as a hallucinogenic, mind-altering agent. This personal recreational use takes place in the United States, although the use of peyote outside of religious ceremonies is prohibited by federal law.
Peyote is sometimes deliberately (and illegally) ingested in the form of LSD and other psychedelic drugs to create a temporarily altered state of existence. Swallowing peyote has both physical and psychological effects, and users often describe their experience as a good or bad trip. The effects of peyote or the journey through peyote can begin within 20-90 minutes of ingestion and last up to 12 hours, depending on the amount the user has ingested. In general, a peyote trip is an extremely unpredictable and potentially dangerous experience.
Substance abuse and substance addiction (potential use)
John H. Halpern, MD, Associate Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, has been visiting the Navajo for several years to study the effects of peyote. He acknowledges that psychedelics such as mescaline are toxic substances, but also believes that the ability of psychedelics to reveal thoughts can be used to help people suffering from alcohol and drug addiction.
- It can cause vomiting and headaches.
- Peyote can also cause severe nausea and vomiting in users.
- The use of peyote resulted in the death of a patient due to esophageal hemorrhage caused by vomiting.
- Peyote is also associated with major changes in blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing.
- Peyote is known to cause nausea and vomiting, increased body temperature, hallucinations, changes in perception of space and time, decreased motor coordination, euphoria, and anxiety.