|Ferncliff Quick Facts Cookies|
|A scientific name:||Dismantling|
|Origin||Most of western North America|
|Forms||Two-seed dried fruit (schizocarp). Schizocarp flattened on the back, elongated to oval, 1-1.6 cm long, 0.2-1 cm wide.|
|Benefits to your health||Beneficial for rheumatism, stomach diseases, coughs, colds, hay fever, bronchitis, flu, pneumonia, tuberculosis, open cuts, ulcers, boils, bruises, and trachoma.|
Lomatium dissectum is a flowering plant from the Apiaceae or root family, a subfamily of Apioideae, and a subgenus of Leptotaenia, known as fern biscuit root. This plant grows in a large part of western North America, where it occurs in different habitats. It can be found on the eastern slopes of the Cascade Ranges, Rocky Mountains, Klamath Mountains, Eastern Transverse Ranges, and the Sierra Nevada in California. Among the numerical tribes of the Great Basin, it is known as Tosa and was often used for food, medicine, and ceremonies. It is one of the most common plant species in native North American culture. Popular plant names include desert parsley, dissolved Ferula, giant parsley, Indian parsley, dissolved Leptotaenia, toza, wild carrots, Ferliff biscuits, carrot cookies, chocolate chips, dessert fern, lace mites, giant desert parsley, and cough root.
There are two types of stratification: both can be yellow or purple in color during flowering but can be distinguished by longer or shorter stems on the fruit. Native Americans used this plant both as food and medicine, and scientific research has shown that it has antiviral and antibacterial properties. Carrot extracts have been shown to inhibit rotaviruses, tuberculosis-mycobacteria, and avium-mycobacteria. Hernia dissection was widespread after the 1916-1918 flu pandemic when a Nevada doctor reported that a group of Indians who took grass did not die of the flu.
Facts about Fern Cookies
|Aboriginal residents||Most of western North America. It is located on the eastern slopes of the Cascade Ranges, Rocky Mountains, Klamat Mountains, Eastern Transverse Ranges, and the Sierra Nevada in California.|
|Common names||Dissolved Ferula, Giant tomato, Giant parsley, Indian parsley, Leptotta insect, Toza, Wild carrots, Ferliff Biscuits, Carrot biscuits, Chocolate lace, Ferliff Dessert parsley, Leptotta insect, Giant biscuits, Giant parsley, Cough root|
|Name in other languages||English: Cookies of fern, cracking, fern parsley, chocolate points
, cashew nuts, fern biscuits, carrot leaf
French biscuit: Lomatium in the fairy of Decoupé
|Ground cover habitat||Long-lasting, permanent, slow-growing, bare-rooted, semi-dry, perennial.|
|Climate for growth||Open slopes, often rocky, dry grasslands, often on rubble slopes, rocky outcrops, coastal habitats, grasslands, mountain pastures, marshes, steppes, desert bushes, forests, grassland steppes, mountain pasture vegetation, scrub, and valleys down to lower subalpine levels.|
|Floor||Grows in various soil types, from stony soils to soils with low fluidity and from acidic to alkaline soils. Usually on dry, well-drained, and stony soils, especially on thalassotherapy slopes.|
|Dimensions of the installation||Up to 1.3 m high|
|Carrot||The root is a large, sometimes branched taprut, about 30 cm long and 5 cm thick.|
|Tribe.||Rising rods and hollow rods|
|File||The leaves are speckled and look like a mace. The largest adult leaves are 15 to 30 cm long and the largest end segments are 2 to 3 mm wide.|
|The flowering period||between April and May|
|Flowers||The flowers are yellow to violet, born in bubbles of 10 to 30 rays; the length of each ray is 4 to 10 cm. Each navel consists of a combination of 50 to 200 male and hermaphrodite colors.|
|Fruit shape and size||Two-seed dried fruit (schizocarp). Schizocarp flattened on the back, elongated to oval, 1-1.6 cm long, 0.2-1 cm wide.|
|Distribution||In the seed.|
|Used plant components||Carrot, seed.|
Description of the installation
Biscuit fern is a perennial, semi-dry, vigorous, slow-growing herbaceous plant that normally reaches a height of 1.3 meters. The plant grows on open, often stony, dry grasslands, often on rubble slopes, rocky outcrops, riparian habitats, grasslands, mountain pastures, barrens, steppe, desert bushes, forests, prairie steppes, mountain pasture vegetation, shrubs, and valleys down to the lower subalpine level. The plant grows in different types of soil, from stony to finely structured and from acidic to alkaline. It is usually found on dry, well-drained, and stony soils, especially on the slopes of the Talus. The root is a large, sometimes branched taprut, about 30 cm long and 5 cm thick. The stems point upwards and are hollow. The grass is fragrant and naked until puberty or fine and rough.
The plant produces both basal and stem leaves, but stem leaves are rarer and much rarer than basal leaves. The leaves are often a bit crispy or rough. The leaves are cut in the form of beehives or bees into fern leaves. Large adult leaves 10 to 30 cm long and petioles up to 30 cm long. The terminal strips are between 2 and 7.5 mm long. No petioles on the stem leaves. The leaves are very similar to parsley grown in the garden.
The flowers are produced in large compositions. The rods (15-60 cm) support the umbilical cord, which is normally simple. Umbrellas produce 10 to 30 jets that vary in length from 3 to 13 cm and are crowned by umbrellas. Complex abdominal buds consist of a combination of 50 to 200 masculine and bisexual colors. All flowers are small, have no sepals, five stamens, and five green-yellow, yellow or purple petals. Male flowers have no pistils and are often found in the shorter, central rays. Flowers are pollinated by insects. Flowering usually takes place between April and May.
Bisexual flowers produce two-seed dried fruit (schizocarp). Schizocarp flattened from behind, elongated and oval, 1-1.6 cm long, 0.2-1.4 cm wide, with flat, winged edges. Schizocarps consist of two mericarps (seeds) that remain along the midline until they are fully grown. One chip can yield hundreds of seeds.
Traditional uses and benefits of Ferlif Cookies
- Fern biscuits were widely used in medicine by many North American Indian tribes, who regarded them as a universal panacea and used them mainly for the treatment of breast and skin diseases.
- It is rarely used in modern herbal medicine, but it should probably be studied.
- The whole plant, but especially the root, is disinfectant, mammal, balm, stomach, and tonic.
- The dried root has been used to treat rheumatism, stomach problems, coughs, colds, hay fever, bronchitis, flu, pneumonia, and tuberculosis.
- In the treatment of asthma and other breast disorders, the root was burned and the smoke inhaled, also used as an herbal steam bath for breast disorders.
- A drink was prepared from the root, which was taken as a tonic to help people lose weight.
- The compress of peeled and crushed roots is used for open cuts, ulcers, boils, bruises, and rheumatic joints.
- The root was soaked in water and then used to wash the hair against dandruff.
- The infusion of leaves and stems was used as a tonic.
- The carrot oil was used as an ointment for the treatment of pressure ulcers and as an eyewash for the treatment of trachoma.
- The Indians used fern biscuits to treat various diseases.
- Fern biscuits are still popular as a natural herbal remedy and have proven antiviral and antibiotic properties.
- The Nevada Indians introduced a compress of crushed biscuit flakes of ferns to treat headaches and bedsores.
- The Amerindians used and still use fern biscuit roots to treat various internal and external ailments.
- The fern biscuits were used as inhalers, tea, and papillotes in the treatment of respiratory diseases, skin conditions, and skin lesions.
- It is believed to have been used with good results during the 1917 flu pandemic, particularly in the southwestern United States.
- Potato rootstocks were used for the treatment of cuts, injuries, and muscle diseases.
- The Shoshone collected the oil from the cut roots to treat the trachoma.
- The Paiute people of northwestern Nevada cooked fern roots and rubbed oil broth on joints to treat rheumatism, acne, ulcers, and pain.
- Okanogan-Colville made tea from the roots to treat tuberculosis and arthritis, but the excessively injected tea was poisonous.
- The Northern Lights of the Cheyenne and the Black-headed Indians of Montana used fern biscuit tea to relieve chest pain and help weaken people.
- The Colville tribes used the roots in the steam bath to treat rheumatism, pain, pneumonia, and other problems.
- The northern leg put pieces of cut fern biscuit root on the fire and breathed in smoke to heal the cold.
- The Blackfoot Indians produced hot drinks that the sick used as a tonic.
- Internally it was used as an infusion, decoction, or smoke for the treatment of respiratory tract infections such as coughing, colds, sore throats, bronchitis, pneumonia, and tuberculosis.
- Outdoor use is useful in case of rashes, cuts, ulcers, smallpox, wounds, parasitic infections, swellings, dislocations, and bone fractures.
Historical and modern use
This plant is one of the most widespread in Indian culture, used for food, medicinal and ceremonial purposes. Roots were a very important foodstuff used by many tribes. Once cooked, they make a refreshing and nutritious drink. The roots were split, cut, and dried for storage and preparation as the men of Thompson and Okanagan wanted. Inhabitants of Shuswap, Nlaka’pamux, and Lillooet dug them up in May, cleaned them, steamed them and eaten them fresh or partially dried, and stored them for the winter.
In winter, these dried roots were soaked for two nights and then often steamed with yellow water lily bulbs. They also produced flour that was mixed with water and pressed into pies that were dried or baked in the sun. For the Sanpoil strain, the young shoots were a special food, mixed with balm and presented at the first root ceremony. The Navajo Indians make an infusion of dried and ground biscuits that are mixed with other plants to give to patients as part of their signing ceremony at the top of the mountain. In addition, the more mature roots contain toxins from the furanocoumarins group, which would thus be used to facilitate fishing by soaking and draining them, leading to the poisoning of the fish.
- The root can be dried and powdered and then mixed with flour or used as a flavoring in soups, etc. The root can be dried and ground into a powder and then mixed with flour or used as a flavoring in soups, etc. The root can be dried and ground into a powder.
- The carrots were boiled to make a refreshing and nutritious drink.
- The young plants can be eaten raw.
- Many western Indian tribes used fern biscuits as a source of food.
- The Gosutes Indians, the Great Basin Indians, and the Montana Indians used sweet young shoots as cooked vegetables.
- Members of the Nez-Perses, Okanagan, and Thompson tribes cooked and ate thick, fleshy sticks.
- The seeds were used as food by the State Suite tribe, while the Indians of the Great Basin prepared a drink from boiled roots.
- They were eaten raw, cooked, roasted, dried, and processed into flour.
- The inhabitants of Sanpoal organized the First Roots ceremony, where fern biscuits and arrowhead balm were served.
- The crushed root was burned as incense.
- The Pahute, Shoshone, and Leeward Indians let their horses breathe in the smoke of burning roots to cure the dog disease.
- The Okanagan Colville and North Pyrenean Indians crushed the roots and submerged them in water to poison them and catch fish.
- The Blackfeet Indians burned the broken root as incense.
- There are about 99,000 seeds per kilogram (45,000 seeds per pound).
- Fern biscuits are a food source for a variety of wild animals, from bears to bees.
- Fern biscuits were and still are used by Native Americans in the western United States and southwestern Canada for cooking, medical care, and ceremonial purposes.
- Some Indians carried a broken seed as a sign of love.
- Tribes in Utah burned the incense root.
- The new white shoots were eaten as a spice on their own or with meat and were said to have a fennel flavor.
- The adult stems and roots of the Okanogan-Colville strain were considered poisonous.
- Ten adult roots in a bucket of water would kill a fish in a part of a stream.
- The poisoned fish could have been eaten.