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Coralberry facts and health benefits

Some facts about corals
Name: Coral bays
A scientific name: Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Origin The eastern and central United States, as well as central Canada (Ontario) and northeastern Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León).
Colours Pink to coral red to reddish purple
Forms Avoid berry syrup bulbs about 1/4 inch long.
Taste Bitter
Benefits to your health Good for weak, inflamed or sore eyes, tonsillitis, toothache, joint pain, respiratory tract infections, menstrual disorders, fever and earache.

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus, commonly known as corn, is a woody flowering plant of the honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae). The plant grows in the eastern and central United States, but also in central Canada (Ontario) and northeastern Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León). This is usually done in forests, fields, meadows and open thickets throughout the country. Cranberry, Indian Current, Snowberry, Waxberry, Cranberry, Turkey Bush, Indian Currant Brush and Round Berry are some of the common names for this plant. The name of the genus Symphoricarpos comes from the Greek words symphorein, which means bear, and karpos, which means fruit in relation to fruit that appears in clusters. The specific name orbiculatus refers to round, flat, disc-shaped fruits.

Coral Cranberry Facts

Name Cranberry
Scientific name Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Aboriginal residents The eastern and central United States, as well as central Canada (Ontario) and northeastern Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León).
Common names Cranberry, Indian Current, Snowberry, Waxberry, Cranberry, Wolf, Turkey Bush, Indian Currants Brush, Round Snowball
Name in other languages Africans: Albanian coral: Coral
Amharic : Coral (ኮራልቤሪ)
Arabic : Kuralbiri (كورالبيري), huba althalj almudur (حب الثلج المدور)
Armenians : Marjan (մարջան), Junaptgik sovoraken (Ձյունապտղիկ սովորական)
Azerbaijan: mərcan, Adi qargiləmeyvə
Bengali : Koraalbaaienˈkär-,ˈkôrəlˌberē
Bulgarian : Koraalbaaienˈkär-,ˈkôrəlˌberē
Burma : Kyawwathcaim (ကျောက်စိမ်း)
Chinese : Shānhú May (珊瑚莓), Yun chi zi jin niu, Chu sar gun
Croatian : Coral, coral pearlsCzech : Coral, Pamelnik, Pamelnik Servenoplodie
Danish:
Dutch coral: Coral, Coral-English: Cranberry, Indian Berry, Buck Brush, Esperanto Round Snow
: Coralberry
Estonian: Philippine coral: Finnish coral
: Coral
french : Corvorine, Horsewort in granule bay, Horsewort in orbicular, Indian Grozelier, Horsewort in granule bay, Waterbusier d’America, Indian Grozelier, Georgia: Coralberry-ˈkär-,ˈkôrəlˌberē
English: Coral berry, coral berry bush, coral snowberry
Greek : 1. Coral (κοράλλι)
Gujarati : Kōrabērī (કોરબેરી)
Hausa : Murjani
in Hebrew: אלמוג
in Hindi : Koraalbaaienˈkär-,ˈkôrəlˌberē
Hungarian : Coralbrusnica, Piros Bojoslon
Icelandic : Coralbe-Indonesian: Irish coral
: Italian Coiréil
: Japanese corusnika: Kōrararuberī (コーラルベリ)
Javanese : Cambang ijo
Cannada : Coralbury (ಕೋರಲ್ಬೆರಿ)
Kazakh : Marjan (Marjan)
Korean : Koleol beli (코럴 베리)
Kurdish Coral BerryLaos : Pa la bon (ປາລາບອນ)
Latin : Coral
Latvian : Koraļģes
in Lithuanian : Spanish-Macedonian: Berry (Jagoda)
Madagascar : Coralberry
Malaysian: Coralbury
Malalam: Kēāṟalbeṟi (കോറൽബെറി)
Malta : Marathi Coral Crusade
: Coralaberi (कोरलबेरी)
Mongolia : Shüren (шүрэн)
Navajo : Tsétsohkʼįʼ
Nepalese :  Coralaberi (कोरलबेरी)
Norwegian : Korusnik
Orija: କରାଲବେରୀ
Paszto: مرجان
Persian: مرجانی توت هندی, مروارید قرمز
Polish : Coral, snowflakePortuguese : Coralberry
Punjabi: Kōralabērī (ਕੋਰਲਬਕੋਰਲਬੀ)
in Romanian : Korusnica-Russian: Korusnika (kôrəlˌberē), Snowbird (round), Snowbird (round), Snowbird (round), Ordinary Snowbird (ordinary): Coral Bay Sindhi : مرليСиндхала : Coralbury (කොරල්බිෙරි)
Slovak : Pámelník červenoplodý
in Slovenian : Spanish Koralnica
: Coral bays, coraludanes’ jails: Swedish Kembang: Koralbrusnika, St. Petersburg-Tadzhikistan: Macron (марҷон)
Tamil : Pavaḷappāṟai (பவளப்பாறை)
Telugu : Coral berries – ˈkôrəlˌberē
Tai : Koraalbaaiˈkôrəlˌberē
Turkish : Korusnikaukrainian: Cranberry (lingonberry)Urdu: مرجانبیریУзбекский : ZangoriVietnamese: Dow taiWales: Coral berries, brown Zuzu: Hichorale
Ground cover habitat Bushes straight, slender, obstructed, proliferating, evergreen, bald, overgrown
Climate for growth Thin rocky forest areas, forest openings, forest edges, streamline cuttings in forest areas, overgrown open spaces and limestone, freshwater marshes, lowland forests, headland forests, passage forests, wet forests, granite slopes, bare rock bushes, forests in the western plains, semi-dry forests, wooded alluvial plains, freshwater marshes, shady forests, river and riparian forests, post-Dub forests, lowland forests, plinths, cliff tops and meadows, old fields, shelters for fences, railways and verges.
Floor Prefers sandy, loamy and clayey soils; can grow on heavy, nutrient-poor clay soils. In general, it prefers acidic, neutral and alkaline soils.
Dimensions of the installation 180 cm high and 4 to 8 feet wide, but normally 90 to 120 cm high.
Carrot The root system consists of branched wooden hair shoots.
Cora Light brown to violet bark on young stems and grey-brown and crushed bark on old stems.
Offices Thin and first neglected brownish green, then dark reddish brown with very fine coat stripes; scales are present where new branches appear; scars from a bundle.
File The leaves are alternately simple, dark green, leathery, elliptical lanceolate or lanceolate with a pointed or wavy edge.
Flowering period From July to September
Flower The flowers have a bell-shaped crown with five leaves, which can be whitish, yellowish or with a hint of purple; the leaves do not protrude much when the flower is open.
Fruit shape and size Avoid berry syrup bulbs about 1/4 inch long.
The colour of the fruit Pink to coral red to reddish purple
Sperm Firm, ovoid, flattened on one side, white, smooth.
Distribution Seeds or cuttings of soft or semi-hard wood in spring.
Taste Bitter
Season September-October

Description of the installation

The cranberry is a straight, slender, short, spreading, evergreen, bare shrub that normally grows about 180 cm high and 180 cm wide, but normally grows 90 to 120 cm high.  The plant grows in thin rocky forests, forest crevices, forest edges, streamlines in forest areas, calcareous thickets and meadows, freshwater marshes, marshy tree trunks, lowland forests, in piedmont forests, in marshy forests, in moist forests, on granite slopes, on bare, stony shrubs, in western plains, in semi-arid forests, in floodplains, in freshwater marshes and in shady forests.

The plant works well in sandy, loamy and clayey soils and can grow in heavy, loamy and nutrient-poor soils. In general, it prefers acidic, neutral and alkaline soils. The root system consists of ligated and branched shoots. The branches are thin and first green, then darker to reddish brown with very fine peeling stripes; there are scales where new branches and scars appear from a bundle. Branches ascending and twisted, slender with light brown to purple bark on young trunks and brown-grey and crushed on old trunks. The young branches have soft hair.

Plugs

The leaves are oval or ovoid and are located opposite the branches. The opposite leaves are up to 2 inches long and 1¼ inches wide. They are oval shaped, and the edges are without a part or tooth, but the edges can be wavy. Both the end and the base are blunt. The top of each leaf is medium green and hairless to slightly hairy, while the underside is white green and usually finely hairy, especially on the veins and leaf edges. Each leaf has a short petiole with a maximum length of ¼. The crown of the leaves is pinnate.

Flower

The inflorescence is a dense collection of very small flowers in the sinuses of certain pairs of leaves – usually towards the end of the stems. The flowers have a bell-shaped crown with five leaves, which can be whitish, yellowish or purple; when opened, the leaves are not very common. The cup is green with five sharp teeth that stay on friends. The reproductive parts consist of 5 stamens around the beard (hairy) style. Each flower is about 1/4 inch long.

Fruit

Each fertile flower is replaced by an oak berry, from pink to coral red (hence the common name), red-purple, about 1/4 the length. Pens with tips are usually so tight that their shape is often flattened. At the end of the drops there is a short beak. The texture of its flesh is fleshy, but not juicy. The fruits are sometimes kept until the end of the winter. Each molasses contains a stony seed. The seeds are hard, egg-shaped, flattened on one side, white and smooth. It is rare to find a plant with white fruits.

Traditional uses and benefits of coral

  • The decoction of the inner bark or leaves was used as a rinse to treat weak, inflamed or sore eyes.
  • Cold cooking of the root bark was used to wash the eyes.
  • The root is considered anodizing, purifying and feverish and is used to stimulate blood circulation.
  • In traditional Chinese medicine, roots are used to treat tonsillitis, toothache, joint pain, respiratory tract infections and menstrual disorders.
  • In Kampung Bawong, Perak, Western Malaysia, the juice of a whole crushed plant was used to treat fever and earaches.

Some interesting facts

  • The plants can be grown as informal hedges or as umbrellas.
  • The plants have an extensive root system and are also freely sucked up; they can be used for soil stabilisation.
  • Flowers provide nectar for bees, wasps and flies.
  • The folio carries a row of moth caterpillars. The berries serve as winter food for birds, including Bobuhayt and robin.
  • Cranberries can be a problematic plant in meadows, hay fields and roadsides.
  • Apparently the Indians crushed the plant, pressed it into the river water and used it to stun fish, which could then be harvested downstream.

Precautions

  • Fruits are poisonous to humans and cause nausea and vomiting when consumed in large quantities.
  • Pregnant and breastfeeding women should avoid the use of herbs.

References :

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=35337#null

https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomydetail?id=36010

https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Symphoricarpos+orbiculatus

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=f730

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphoricarpos_orbiculatus

http://gringlobal.iita.org/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=36010

https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/SYPOR

https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SYOR

https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=syor

http://vro.agriculture.vic.gov.au/dpi/vro/vrosite.nsf/pages/weeds_coralberry

http://temperate.theferns.info/plant/Symphoricarpos+orbiculatus

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/DENDROLOGY/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=466

https://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/savanna/plants/coralberry.htm

https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/56481/#b

Notes

Remarks