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Cane Sugar vs. White Sugar: Uses, Nutrition, Side Effects

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September 2020

Cane Sugar vs. White Sugar: Uses, Nutrition, Side Effects

The disadvantage of the sugar regime is now known, but navigating the world of sugar consumption can still be confusing given the number of types of sweeteners and sugar substitutes – including coconut, raw and cane sugar, as well as stevia and others – currently available.

Is cane sugar better for you than refined sugar? Below we look at what cane sugar is, how it is processed and what the advantages and disadvantages are of adding cane sugar to your diet.

What is a sugar loaf?

Cane sugar is defined as the sugar obtained from sugar cane. Sugar cane (or sugar cane, commonly known as Saccharum) is the name given to different species and hybrids of tall perennial grasses in the Androgonea family.

Other plants of the same family include corn, wheat, rice, sorghum and many forage crops.

Sugar plants have fibrous stems that are rich in sucrose (sugar). They are native to the tropical regions of Southeast Asia and New Guinea, although they are now widespread in warm temperate climates around the world.

Here are some other interesting facts about cane sugar:

  • In terms of production, sugar cane is the largest crop in the world.
  • Today it is grown on 64 million hectares in 90 countries. Brazil produces 40% of the world’s cane sugar.
  • Table sugar is produced from sugar cane in special factories. Not only can it be used as a sweetener, but it can also be fermented to produce ethanol (alcohol). Other products derived from sugar cane are molasses, rum, cachaça and bagasse.
  • Sugar cane has been consumed or used for thousands of years in places such as Polynesia, Melanesia, Madagascar, South China and India.
  • From the age of 18. In the 19th century, sugar cane plantations were established in the Caribbean, South America, the Indian Ocean and the Pacific island states.

Types/Welding

The processing of sugar determines the way in which raw sugar cane is converted into different types of sweeteners. The process of converting raw sugar into table sugar, as we know it, can involve such steps:

  • Centrifugation/affinity
  • syrupy
  • Clarification using phosphoric acid, calcium hydroxide and carbon dioxide
  • Filter
  • Focus
  • Crystallization

What is the difference between sugar and cane sugar?

This is what you need to know about cane sugar compared to white sugar:

  • Simple white sugar (or refined sugar, granulated sugar or table sugar) is obtained by melting and refining monocrystalline sugar (organic cane sugar) to remove all traces of molasses and minerals. It is then recrystallized to obtain pure sucrose.
  • White sugar is called double granulated sugar. It turns white through carbon filtration and ion exchange. It is available in different sizes for different purposes, such as. B. thin, ultrathin, etc.

White/table sugar is more refined than cane sugar. Types of cane sugar include :

  • Organic cane sugar – Crystallised organic cane sugar is obtained from stems that are harvested and crushed, clarified to remove solids, heated and concentrated into syrup. This syrup consists of sugar and molasses and is then crystallized, boiled and placed in a centrifuge to separate part of the molasses.
  • Whole cane sugar – This type is also called evaporated sugar or uncrystallised sugar. It is placed in a centrifuge, but the molasses are not separated from the crystals. The juice of the crushed sugar cane stalks is clarified and the liquid evaporates until the sugar crystallises into a block that can be chopped or shredded.
  • Raw sugar cane (also called pure cane sugar) – Raw sugar cane describes sugar cane that is simply chewed to extract the sweet juices from the stalk. There is no official definition of raw sugar, but some manufacturers use the term to refer to demerara sugar and turbinado sugar, monocrystalline sugars that have passed through a centrifuge to remove part of the molasses with steam – but the molasses in each crystal remains intact.
  • Sugar cane juice – Sugar cane juice generally refers to a combination of fresh sugar juice extracted by hand or by mills, often mixed with a hint of lemon juice to make sweetened drinks.
  • Brown sugar – Brown sugar is a combination of granulated sugar and molasses. Sometimes molasses is added to ordinary white or organic cane sugar, while in other cases it is made from crystallised cane sugar from which the molasses is not or only partially removed.

Nutrition information

Cane sugar is a source of pure carbohydrates and provides four calories per gram or 16 calories per teaspoon (four grams). Apart from calories and carbohydrates, isolated sugar does not contain any other nutrients.

Below you will find the nutritional value of cane sugar (about two tablespoons) in one ounce/28 grams:

  • 105 calories
  • 28 grams of sugar
  • 28 grams of carbohydrates
  • 0 gram protein
  • 0 gram fat
  • 0 grams of dietary fibre

Possible benefits

What are the advantages of cane sugar? Although it is unlikely that an expert would recommend consuming sugar in large quantities, there are some ways to use sugar when it comes to providing you with carbohydrates that can be used both for energy and to improve the taste of your food.

  • Adding cane sugar to recipes can improve taste, colour, texture and appetite. For example, sugar can improve the tanning or caramelization of foods, including foods with high nutritional value, such as roasted vegetables and healthy desserts. Although it does not contain vitamins and minerals in nature, it can encourage people to eat more nutrients if it helps to make them more attractive.
  • Sugar facilitates the fermentation process in fermented foods such as kombucha and yogurt, and sometimes in sourdough bread, cultivated vegetables and soy sauces.
  • Sugar can help prevent food from spoiling as quickly as possible and can retain its colour and flavour, extending its shelf life.

Risks and side effects

Why is cane sugar unhealthy? Here are some of the reasons why sugar, when consumed in large quantities, is bad for you:

  • High sugar consumption can contribute to inflammations and chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, obesity, fatty liver disease and even some cancers.
  • Because it’s easy to exaggerate and add a lot of empty calories to your diet, it can also lead to weight gain and fat gain, including a dangerous accumulation of visceral fat.
  • It can also contribute to sugar withdrawal symptoms when you stop taking sugar, as well as other problems such as candida proliferation, tooth decay, and mood problems.

How many grams of sugar should you consume per day? According to the latest dietary guidelines for Americans, you should limit your intake of added sugars to less than 10% of your total daily calories (and ideally much less).

In a typical 2,000-calorie diet, this means about 50 grams of added sugar per day, which, according to many experts, is still a relatively high amount.

Alternatives

Although a small amount of sugar in your diet is not harmful to your health, fortunately there are many sugar substitutes that can help you reduce your intake. Here are some alternatives to cane sugar and table sugar:

  • Raw Honey – Raw honey contains beneficial enzymes, antioxidants, iron, zinc, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, vitamin B6, riboflavin and niacin. It has a relatively low glycemic index and can offer benefits such as supporting skin health and immune function.
  • Stevia – This plant contains stevioside, an element found in the leaves that makes it more than 200 times sweeter than sugar. It is available in different forms, contains no calories or carbohydrates and is ideal for diabetics or people on a diet.
  • Monkfish – this plant contains compounds which, when extracted, give 300 to 400 times the sweetness of cane sugar, but it contains no sugar or calories and has no effect on blood sugar levels.
  • Organic blackstrap molasses are a good source of copper, calcium, iron, potassium, manganese, selenium and vitamin B6, although it affects blood sugar levels and contains calories.
  • Coconut blossom sugar – is obtained by extracting and heating the juice from the coconut blossoms. Contains polyphenols, iron, zinc, calcium, potassium, antioxidants, phosphorus and other phytonutrients.
  • Sugar alcohols – This group includes xylitol, erythritol and mannitol. Although they are naturally present in certain foods and plants such as berries, algae, pineapples, olives, asparagus and sweet potatoes, they are isolated and produced in laboratories. Most tastes as sweet as sugar and are generally calorie-free or very low in calories. They also do not raise blood sugar levels like normal sugar, but some people may have difficulty digesting it.

Completion

  • Cane sugar is defined as the sugar obtained from sugar cane. Sugar cane (or sugar cane, commonly known as Saccharum) is the name given to different species and hybrids of tall perennial grasses in the Androgonea family.
  • Is cane sugar healthy? Overall, it does not differ that much from ordinary white sugar, although it is less processed. It still contains relatively many empty calories and is low in nutrients.
  • What is the difference between cane sugar and white sugar? Simple white sugar (or refined sugar, granulated sugar or table sugar) is obtained by melting and refining monocrystalline sugar (organic cane sugar) to remove all traces of molasses and minerals. It is then recrystallized to obtain pure sucrose. They have the same amount of calories and carbohydrates and are usually used interchangeably.
  • Although sugar can help improve the taste and shelf life of some foods, healthier alternatives may include raw honey, stevia extract, sugar alcohols and monk’s fruit.